必修一 Unit 1
1. Fall in Love with English
Hiding behind the loosedustycurtain, a teenagerpacked up his overcoat into the suitcase. He planned to leave home at dusk though there was thunder and lightningoutdoors. He had got to do this because he was tired of his parents' nagging about his English study and did not want to go throughit any longer. He couldn't get along well with English and disliked joining in English classes because he thought his teacher ignored him on purpose. As a result, his score in each exam never added upto over 60.
His partnerwas concerned about him very much. She understood exactly what he was suffering from, but entirelydisagreed with his idea. In order tocalm him down and settle his problem, she talked with him face to face and swapped a seriesof learning tips with him. The items she set down helped him find the highway to studying English well.
The teenager was grateful and got great power from his friend's words. Now, he has recovered from being upset and has fallen in love with English.
必修一 Unit 2
2. Different Countries Have Different Kinds of Englishes
Voyages of people from England play an important part in spreading the English language. At present, English is frequently spoken as anofficial or common language in many countries, such as America, Singapore,Malaysia and someAfrican countries. All based on British English, the English spoken in these countries can be well understood by native English speakers. But actually, these Englishes have been gradually changing in accents, spellings, and theusage of vocabulary.
Because of this fact, you can make use of the differences to tell which country the foreigners of your block are from. For example, if a boss fluentlycommands his driver, "Come up straight to my apartment by elevatorand take some gas for my trucks and cabs", instead of requesting, "Please come to my flat by lift and take somepetrol for mylorries and taxis", you can recognize his Americanidentity, while the lattersuggests that he is British.
因为这一情况的存在，你就可以利用这些英语之间的区别说出你们街区的外国人是哪个国家来的了。例如，如果有个老板流利地命令他的司机："Come up straight to my apartment by elevator and take some gas for my trucks and cabs（直接搭电梯到我公寓上来拿卡车和出租车的汽油）"，而不是要求说，"Please come to my flat by lift and take some petrol for my lorries and taxis（请直接搭电梯到我公寓上来拿卡车和出租车的汽油）"，你就可以轻易地辨认出他的美国人身份，而后者却暗示着那是一位英国人。（请注意：听力录音里第二段两个"电梯"的单词跟原文不一致，原文是对的，录音弄错了，elevator才是美式说法而lift是英式说法。)
必修一 Unit 3
3.A Hard Trip
My sister was fond of traveling. Ever sincegraduating, she had been determinedtoorganizea trip to an old temple. Since transporting fare was expensive, she decided to use a bicycle to cycle there not caring about the disadvantages. Her stubbornattitude was always her shortcoming. Once she made up her mindto do something, no one could persuade her to change her mind.Finally, we gave inas usualthough we preferred to take a train. After we prepared everything, including the schedule, reliableweather forecast and the insurance, we began our trip.
Our journeywas along a river flowing from a high altitude. Our pace was slow because the river frequently had many sharp bends through deep valleys, where the water seemed to boil. Just as I recorded in my journal, it was really a hard journey. But we also enjoyed great views. One night, I put my head on my pillow--a parcel ofwool coats, and lay beneath the stars. When the flamein front of our cave went out at midnight, I found the sky so beautiful!
必修一 Unit 4
4.A Horrible Earthquake
Dirty water rose in wells and canals before the earthquake. But no one judged that an earthquake was coming. Suddenly, everything shook. It seemedas if the world was at an end. Millions ofbrick houses anda number ofdams were destroyed. Railway tracks became uselessbars. Pipes in mines burst and let out smellysteam. Huge cracks trapped cyclists everywhere.
The next day, this event was the headline or maintitle of all newspapers. With the reporters giving an outlineof the disaster, the whole nation wasshocked by the damage and the victim's extremesuffering. People were moved when they read that the survivors comforted each other by saying "Congratulations! You survived!". So they not only expressed their sympathy sincerely, but also organized together to help the victims right away. The injured were rescued and the dead were buried. The frightened survivors were dug out from under the ruins and were offered shelter, fresh water andelectricity. Thanks to people's help, the loss was minimized.
必修一 Unit 5
5.The Great President
As the founder of the republic, the president had many good qualities. Before coming topower, he was a generouslawyer. He was willing toselflessly help everyone who turned to him. He accepted no feeto offer legalguidance and opinions to those who were out of work or uneducated. Later, believing allmankind to be equal, he devoted himself tostopping the unfairanti-black laws. He set up the Black Youth League and was voted to be the leader. However, though he kept peacefulprinciples without violenceand terror, hismeanenemies stillblew uphis house and attacked his relatives, and he himself couldn't escapebeing sentenced to 30 years in prison.
Not fearing of the prison guards' cruelty, he kept active and begged no mercy from them. As a matter of fact, he was always hopeful and never lost heart during the stage even though he was in trouble.
Finally, people rewarded him with the leader's position and a gold blanket.
必修二 Unit 1
6.A Brave Maid
A woodenvase from the Ming Dynasty at the entrance of the receptionhall amazed everyone. The artists designed it in a rarestyle and selected valuablejewels to decorate it. People thought highly of its fancy colour of honeyand the beautiful paintings on it.
The vase used to belong toa formercastle. But when the country was at war, the enemy troops exploded the castle. Debates on how the vase survived went on and on. In order to remove people's doubt, a team of no less than 20 people carried out an informal investigation. Theevidences they found showed that a maidtook the vase apart and asked a sailorto sink it in a localwell. She never gave away the secret even under the cruel trial of the enemies who were in search of treasures.
It is worth giving this brave maid a fortune in return.
修二 Unit 2
7.A Fair Competition
Swifter, Higher and Stronger stands for the spirit of the Olympics. But fairness is the basis of this motto. Only when you win fairly will you and your homelanddeserve the great glory. But nowadays, unlike the ancienthonest slavecompetitors, some hopelessathletes who can't bear the painof training cheat when taking part in games. Medals seem to have magicalpower causing them to cheat, and the prize money has replaced the motto as their only goal.
So, in the gymnasticsevent to be held in our city next month, one of the host's responsibilities is to keep competitions fair. They advertised on posters outside the stadiumto promise that every competitor is to have a regularphysical examination in a gymnasiumone afteranother. No one can bargain on this. Thevolunteersin chargewill be very strict. It is foolish to cheat because they will not be admitted to competeand will even be fined as well.
必修二 Unit 3
The goalof early calculatingmachines was tosimplifydifficult sums. But with the help of new technology, electronicchips replaced tubes and a revolution of artificial intelligence has arisen.From then on, the appearance of computers totallychanged our lives. They can not only download information from the wet when connected by the network or mobile phone signals, but also solve different types of logicalproblems. With operators as their coaches, they can even control rockets to explorethe moon and instructandroids with the human race's characters to mopfloors and watch overyour naughtyniece. Anyhow, computers are so helpful that they do bring happiness.
However, computers are easily attacked by viruses. This reality has become a hard-to-deal with-problem. As a result, computers are dangerous in a way. So, personally, I worry about their universalapplications in some fields, such asfinance.
必修二 Unit 4
Dinosaursdied out because of an unexpectedincident. But wildlife today disappears or is in danger just because humans doharmto it. For example, tigers are hunted for furto make carpets so thatthey can only live in securereserves; grassland is destroyed without mercyso that duststorms come intobeingaffecting distantcities.
Last year, scientists saw some monkeys rubbing themselves with a certain kind of insects toprotect themselves fromfiercemosquitoes biting. According to the result of the inspection, they found that the insect contains a powerful drug, so local farmers were employed to catch the insects. The ending was that the insects disappeared from the whole zone. When told that it was a lossto humans, the farmers burst into laughterand responded, "Our real loss is our decreasingincome."
We should appreciate the natural balance and pay more attention to the importanceof wildlife protection. Not until we succeed in letting wildlife live in peace, can we smile in relief.
必修二 Unit 5
10.My First Band
I was very sensitive to music. Just dipping into the music books briefly, I could sing or play well. To be honest, I always dreamt of becoming a famous folk actor. I was so confident that I never decreased my devotion.
I formed my first band called "Rolling Frog". At the beginning, we relied onperforming on instruments in pubs or topassers –by to earnextramoney in cash. Then we wore false beards to pretend to be the musicians whom peoplewere familiar with. In addition, we attachedhumorous acts to our performances and played jokes on each other. Soon, our "funny jazz" became famous and invitations to perform for broadcaststations began to come. Afterwards, we sorted outattractive music and made a record in a studio. A million or so copies were sold and we became millionaires.
It was painful that the band broke up finally. But above all, I realized my dream to be a musician.
必修三 Unit 1
11.An Interesting Festival
The AgriculturalFeasttakes place after the Independence Day. It is not a worldwidecelebration. Only Christians in Mexicolook forward to its arrival for its religiousorigin:
Long ago, humans' ancestors were bad. They fooled and played tricks on each other and never kept their word. So God turned up and drowned all their crops. Humans starved day and night, weeping. In order to gain God's forgiveness, a woman poetset off to see God. She admired God and kept apologizing. God was moved. With his permission, humans finally had good harvests again. So, to wipesadness and remind themselves of the belief in God, people began the festival.
On the festival, people gather in open air, such as playgrounds orparking lots, and energetically have fun with each other all night long, as thoughthey were never tired. When a beautydressed up in lovely clothing reads poems in memory of the poet, everyone holds their breath. Then, it is the custom that the bone of a rooster head is given to her as an award.
Obviously, the story is not true, but the festival is interesting.
必修三 Unit 2
Wang Peng earned his living by running a barbecue restaurant, which served deliciousbacon, fried chicken breast and muttonroasted with pepper and garlic. But his food and discount attracted fewer and fewer customers. Finally, he was in debt. Yong Hui'sslimming restaurant served fresh peas, carrots, eggplants, and rawcucumbers with vinegar. As the hostess, she said fibres benefited customers' digestion the most. In order not to let Yong Hui get away withtelling
lies, Wang Peng spied on Yong Hui despite her glare. But he was surprised that she was losing her customers, too.
Curiositydrove Wang Peng to consult an expert. The expert sighed and said, "Both of your menus have weakness and limitedstrength. Your customers put on weight too easily, while Yong Hui's lose weight too quickly. So, Wang Peng, cut down the fat of your food and increase vegetables and fruits, like nuts, beans, mushrooms, peaches and lemons. You ought tocombine the two menus and provide a balanceddiet."
Before long, Wang Peng won his customers back.
必修三 Unit 3
This novel was about an unbelievable but genuineadventure. Its author was a black businessman who was brought up in America. In 1956, he visited Africa, his birthplace. One day, when he was wandering on the pavement near the bay enjoying the sea scenes, he lost his money and passport that he kept in an envelope. So he went to the embassy to seek help, but the ambassador with rudemanners didn't permit his staff to help though he bowed to him. Staring at his impatient face, he understood that it was the fault of his skin colour that accounted for their refection. So he decided to take a chance to sail on a small boat home.
He met a large amount of difficulty but was never stopped. On the contrary, difficulty pushed him to go ahead harder. Three months later, he was spotted by a ship by accident. He was in ragsindeed. A maid even screamed when bringing him a steak and pineappledessert. Aboard, he earned his passage by working as a barber and got home finally. As for the name of his novel, he couldn't think of a better one than the phrase "Go Ahead".
必修三 Unit 4
MKII, a planet billions of kilometers away, is the origin of life in many religions. Physicists have proved the theory that its gentleclimate and the pull of its gravityare similar to the earth's. And astronomers have found that oxygenatoms and carbondioxide, which are fundamental to life, exist in its atmospherethrough satellites. Cheered up by this news, biologists, in their turn, began to do some research to remove people's puzzles—Now that there are some suitable conditions, does life really exist on this globe? Do they multiplyby laying eggs or giving birth to babies?
Last month, a spaceship was sent there. It's a pity that this mission failed. Unlike the earth, MKII is a much younger planet. Thus, masses of harmfulacidclouds float everywhere causing violentchain reactions to break out. These clouds not only blocked outthe pilots' sight but also damaged the engine system. Luckily, the pilots watched out carefully and prevented the spaceship fromcrashing in time.
必修三 Unit 5
15.A Journey across Canada
After a quizlast autumn, Kuang crossed the continenteastwardto Toronto to visit his schoolmate, the distancemeasuringapproximately 5,000 kilometers,
His train started from Vancouver, a city surrounded by mountains. After confirming his baggage was aboard the train, Kuang settled down in his seat. Having a gift for communication, he started chatting with another passenger within 5 minutes. Their topics included the Canadiantraditions, the Prime Minister, the mixture of races, and the terrifying Great Fall. After a nice buffet at noon, he was pleased to find that the scenery was impressive. He saw beautiful harbours in the distance,wealthyurbanareas and maple forest that covered thousands of acres. He even managed tocatch sight of an eagle flying upwardover bushes.
Kuang reached Toronto which lies slightly near the border at a mistydawn. There was frost and the broaddowntown streets were very quiet. Though it was early, Kuang phoned his schoolmate in a boothnearby at once rather than waiting for him to come. They had a good time together.
必修四 Unit 1
16.A Woman Doctor-Lina
Born in a pigs' nest, Lina led a poor life in her childhood. She was looked down upon by the children of her generation. But she intended to become a doctor after she came across Lin Qiaozhi by chance, who was delivering medical courses to an audiencecrowding around her. Before moving off, Lin inspired her to carry on her study. With Lin's support, Lina entered an institute and studied hard sparing no time for entertainment. Her being outspoken and modest won respect for her. Her excellent arguing skills and observation ability put others into the shade.
Now, Lina has become a specialist in human beings' emergencysickness. Her kindness and consideratebehavior to the poor were well known. The organization she founded carried out campaigns and welfare projects to help cut the death rate for the poor. Her job was hard but worthwhile. She often refers to the connection between her achievement and Lin Qiaozhi, and says that her poor childhood is the bond between her and the poor.
必修四 Unit 2
17A New Farming Way
Tuan was a farmer in Vietnam. For decades, he had been strugglingto rid his family ofhunger. However, it always confused him how to expand the output of his crops. This disturbingproblem led tohis regretting being a farmer. He would rather have chosen another job.
One day, when skimming through a newspaper, Tuan read a commenton Yuan Longpin. He underlined Yuan's nationality and occupation, and then focused on his discovery and the statistics of his research. He found the knowledge Yuan circulated very practical. Therefore, he made a summary and began to build up a new farming method. He planted super grainof rich nutritionand equipped himself to keep his crops roots free frombacteria andpests. He also enriched minerals in the soil while reducingchemical fertilizers. Though it cost him more time and freedom, he was full of hope.
The next year, Tuan was sunburnt but satisfied with his production very much. Thanks toYuan Longpin, he not only won the battle against hunger, but he could also exporthis crops abroad.
必修四 Unit 3
18.Chaplin-A Great Master of Humour
Chaplin was an extraordinaryperformer who starred in and directed many outstandingcomedies. Few were bored watching his moustache, his gestures or his entertainingreactions when chased by detectives. Being drunk, sliding on a banana skin or whispering his own failures to nobody, he made us feel more content with our life without any verbal explanation. His particular sense of humor has astonished everybody throughout the world up to now.
In a small budget film, he played a badly-off and homeless person wearing worn-out shoes and messy clothes. On one occasion, he was trapped by a snowstorm in a vast mountainous area. Though he overcame many difficulties, he wasn't fortunate enough. With all the porridge eaten up, he picked out a shoe and boiled it to eat. He cut off the leather bottom and chewed it like a pancake. According to an actress, his acting was so convincing and amusing that everybody couldn't help bursting into laughter.
必修四 Unit 4
In general, spoken statements are the major way of communication, but body language and facial s also have such kinds of function. For example, yawning means being not interested and turning one's backto someone or swinging your fist shows your anger. But what those gestures really mean is subjective in different cultures. Thus, misunderstandings happen now and then in today's world of cultural crossroads.
Once, representing the Adults' Education Association, I went to the airport to meet an official of high rank from Columbia and take him to his dormitory and then to the canteen. After the flight arrived, I saw a man looking around curiously. So I approached to greet him. He suddenly dashed to hug me and kissed me on both cheeks. As a young girl, I felt truly embarrassed and put up my hands to defend myself. His false smile told me that he had lost face.
Later, I received a cassette from him, in which he recorded his apology. On hearing that Columbians were more likely to kiss others, I soon felt at ease.
必修四 Unit 5
20.A Unique Theme Park
As soon as our shuttlegot close to the theme park by the freeway, everyone came to lifeand put on cloth sneakers in advance for an outing. Our translator paid for the admission, and we started enjoying the variousattractions in the sunlight.
According to the travel brochure, this unique park is famous for its well preserved minority culture. We experienced many deeds of the early settlers, such as swinging across rivers, hunting creatures in the jungle, or taking part in swords fighting tournaments.
This park is also famous for its wooden souvenirs. Whicheverwe bought in the central shop was made of wood, and wherever we went we could see minority carpenters working. They made wooden tools, wooden cartoon figures, wooden athleticproducts and so on. They even built a huge wooden engine with a lengthof 20 metres, which was modeled after a real one.
This theme park is really a fantasyamusement park. No wonder it has become the brandof local tourism.
必修五 Unit 1
21.A Strange Disease
When the construction of the firework factory came to the stage of painting, a pump was put in. Then, all the painters in the neighbourhood were defeated by a severe disease whose characteristic was alike to that of a bad burn.
An expertphysician was instructed to attendto the victims and handlethis case. He was enthusiastic, but he didn't foresee that it was a hard challenge. After simple enquiry, he announced that the polluted paint was to blame. But without positive evidence, people suspected and rejected his view, saying the theory he put forwardmade no sense. Being much more strict with himself, he contributed himself to the case. Apart from making enquiries, he made detailed charts and analysed the data cautiously. Finally, he drew a scientific conclusion, linking the disease tothe radium in the pump. Exposed to radium, a kind of radioactive material in the universe, people absorbed radiation and got sick immediately.
Spinning the pump backward, he took away the radium. This simple movementcured all the victims.
必修五 Unit 2
22.Sightseeing in the United Kingdom
After the wedding, my cousin and his wife went to the United Kingdom for nationwidesightseeing. He faxed a letter to me in English yesterday. To my delight, he no longer made any tense error. And his descriptionroughlyclarified my questions about the UK--its currency, its administration, the institution which divides it into four provinces, and the historical conflicts and quarrels when Southern Ireland broke away from the UK.
Unwilling to leave out any attraction, my cousin arranged his enjoyable journey carefully. One attractive place he visited was a castle in the countryside of Scotland, which lies near a port. It used to be the headquarters（请注意：音频里面是headquarter，没有加s，是不对的。）of the Communism Union but broke down during the war. Finding nothing could take the place of this splendidarchitecture, people accomplished rebuilding it in 1952. It was to their credit that all furnished rooms are consistent with what they used to be. My cousin was thrilled by its collections consisting of statues plusroyaluniforms folded in glass tanks. Though there was no possibility to buy some of these exhibits, it was convenient to take photos, which he sent me along with his fax.
必修五 Unit 3
23.An Air Crash
I was a previoustypist in a post office. Because I couldn'ttolerate typing any more postage bills or postcodes on a typewriter every day, I resigned. With a greedymotivation of making big money, I took up working as a business representative for the G.E EcologyCompany, which produced goods by recycling useful materials from our dustbins. My new job left me good impressions in many aspects except that the working timetable was full of traveling by jets.
Once, when speeding up, our jet was swallowed by a thunderstorm, which destroyed our GPS receiverand made us lose sight of the directions. A constantlyflashing light showed that our jet was in danger. A stewardinstantly asked us to put on masks and fastenthe safety belts, and then pressed a buttonto switch on the escaping capsule. It slid sideways out of the openingat once and landed in a desert area safely. Lacking food and tablets, we were nervous and uncertainat first. But we all kept optimisticand made good adjustment to the situation. We swept up the surroundingmud to make our settlement and were back on our feet soon. Finally, guided by the smoke of our crashing jet, some local citizens came bycarriages and saved us.
必修五 Unit 4
24.An Amateur Journalist
Jane is a housewife, but delightedto work as an amateurjournalist. It is a dilemma for her to rush between family and work, and it is also unusual for the News Department to depend on an amateur to covercrimes. But Jane is really gifted. It is admirable that she is seldom accused of making mistakes. And, eager to become more professional, she concentrates on her job and updates herself now and then.
Once she is informed of a newcase, her normal working process is as follows: first, she makes appointments withguilty people for interviews. So as toacquireaccurate stories, she usually demands to record what they say. Meanwhile, a technically good colleague will assist her in taking photographs. Second, she assesses whether they are deliberately hiding the truth. If she is skeptical about their words, she will look into the case herself. Third, she writes thorough stories ahead of the deadlineand submits it to theseniorchiefeditor, who polishes and approves every section. Finally, her stories will be published in different editions of their magazine.
必修五 Unit 5
A boy fell ill. His organs were damaged by the radiationof an infrared raystove. But before the ambulancearrived, a number of other injuries happened to this unlucky boy over and over again. First, he was choked by somepoisonous liquid from the kettle on the cupboard. Then hiswristskin was burnt by electricshock. Finally, his ankle was cut by a pan.
Fortunately, the boy's nurse gave him proper temporarytreatments according to hiscomplexsymptoms. She mildlysqueezed the poisonous liquid out of his throatand putbandages firmly in placeto applypressure to the ankle wound to stop bleeding. As for the burn, she used scissors to remove his sleeve, poured a basin of cold water over the burn to cool it and put her hands on a dampblouse to cover his swollentissuetightly. She also inspired his braveryto fight against the unbearable pain. Her first aidmade a vital differencein saving his life. A ceremony was held to honour the nurse who overcame a variety of barriers to save the boy.
选修六 Unit 1
Abstract art used to be controversial. On one hand, the artists stopped painting delicatefigures but attempted to adopt special techniques to give people different visual impacts. On the other hand, their works, including sculptures carved out of marble or fragileclay, were all with a specificaim of showing feelings. Some conventionalscholars who were allergic to abstract art said it was evidently ridiculous and neither art nor geometry. Their Traditional Art Committeepredicted its soon disappearing.
But nowadays, abstract art has become part of the permanentpossessions of contemporarycivilization. Galleries along the Madison Avenue give scores of superbexhibitions on typical abstract works, appealing to many who have a preference for abstract art. The Shadow of Egypt, a café in this district, has become the home to those aggressive abstract artists. Consequently, it is not a coincidence for you to meet one of these artists of great reputationin the flesh. They are asked for signatures and given bunches of fragrant flowers plus they are given a great deal of praise by their faithful fans.
选修六 Unit 2
27.A Russian Poem
Since childhood, Anton had often recited poems, accompanied by pianists and violinists, at wedding ceremonies before brides and bridegrooms exchanged rings. Gradually, he found writing poems the most appropriate way to convey his joy and sorrow. When his poem ContradictoryBlank won him a national championship and a scholarship to the Moscow University from a sponsor, he was just an unknown librarian. After getting his diploma, he devoted his life to writing poems. Using concrete but flexible language and the minimum of words is his style. He tried out different patterns and preferred nurseryrhymein particular. The following is a translation of one of his works made up of 3 sections:
Little sparrow with heavy load,
Ran out of energy and very cold;
No compass and all sweat salty,
Can you go through the endlessdarkness?
Little balloon let out by the thread,
Flew over cottages and was very glad;
With warmth transformed from sunlight,
He said he could forever fly;
Take it easy, little balloon;
Don't tease the sparrow with his wound;
On the barebranch and have a rest;
This diamond heart will eventually get success.
小麻雀，负重担， 小气球，脱绳系， 别紧张，小气球
筋疲力尽挡风寒， 飞越农舍真高兴， 别笑麻雀伤口留，
汗水成盐无指引， 阳光给予它温暖， 光光的树梢歇片刻，
能否穿越无边暗？ 永远高飞不费力； 恒（钻石）心终把成功求。
选修六 Unit 3
28.Let's Help Adolescents
Whether they are male or female, adolescents feel likedeciding on everything themselves in spite of parents' instruction, especially when they face problems like sex, mental stress, etc., which make them feel ashamed and embarrassed. Thus they often automaticallyget into troubles due to their imperfect comprehension and judgement. Some are addicted to cigarettes, only several packets of which will hurt their lungs and make them breathless quickly. Others can't quit drinking alcohol, whose harmful effects include causing young pregnant women to abort or give birth to abnormal babies. The worst is drug abuse, for the withdrawal is tough once their bodies are accustomed to the drugs. Meanwhile, those who share needles bought from illegalchemists are at great risk of being infected with desperate AIDS. If so, neither injecting nor taking pills can guarantee their survival.
However, don't be disappointed at or have prejudice against our children so easily. After all, being awkward is an appendix of youth. As long as we strengthen communication with them instead of only banning this or banning that, we will surely help them avoid anything unfit.
选修六 Unit 4
29.Refresh Our Environment
As the director stated on behalf of his researching group, the data of this graph makes a clear presentation of the future environmentaltendency. On one hand, the quantity of fuelkeeps on decreasing by 9% per year while the growth of a wide range of pollution has been a global trend. On the other hand, the mildly but steadilygoing up of the average temperature is resulting incatastrophes like widespreadfloods. Without disagreement, they subscribe to the view that it is humans' existence and their randomly consuming energy that result in this phenomenon.
Many people have a commitment that developing nuclear power or energy from outer space will stop bad consequences coming about. However, scientists and educators are opposed to this view even if our needs may be met on the whole. They tend toadvocaterefreshing our circumstances by saving energy and recycling waste. It is suggested that we use energy-saving appliances such as electrical motors, microwaves and so on and not be casual about little things like recycling a can. So please glance around and see what you can do. So long as everybody makes contribution, we will not have to put up with this problem anymore.
选修六 Unit 5
30.A Volcano Eruption
As the best candidate, I was appointed to collect and evaluate information for a database about diverse natural disasters, such as hurricanes, typhoons or thunderstorms. Sometimes I did this by giving out questionnaires to those who went through them. But sometimes I had to go through actual disasters myself. The Musaki Volcano was one of them.
At that time, I lived in a bungalowalongside the volcano with a novelist, who came for the appreciation of its eruption. One day, when I was drawing diagrams on the balcony and he was bathing inside, the volcano erupted unexpectedly. The ash and lava fountains shooting highly in the sky varied from 50 to 100 meters in height. It was absolutely fantastic! I even noticed a rainbow appear in the fog caused by a heat wave.
But, glancing through our surroundings, I foresaw the potential danger and found no guarantee of our safety. The uncomfortable gas almost made us unconscious. Sweats of anxiety began to drop. Managing to stop panicking and trembling, we quickly put on our protective suits, helmets and boots and eventually made our way to a safe place. How lucky we were even though my preciousequipment and documents were all burnt to the ground!
选修七 Unit 1
Yang's ambition was to get an architectcertificate or become a bowling master. But when he was conducting experiments with a microscope in the basement, a tank on the bench exploded, sending him flying outwards through the exit. He was out of breath while knowing he lost his eyesightas well as 70% of his hearing. In other words, he was disabled.
Feeling clumsy, he was annoyed at first though nobody made fun of him. He cut out going outdoors and just sat around at home talking to his parrot or tortoise silently. His sister resigned to help him in many ways. Her assistance and encouragement were so beneficial to his psychology that he adapted to his disability soon and became outgoing again. In a college accessible to him, he studied politics and literature. He always sat in the front row near the entry without any absence and, with the help of his handylaptop, he studied well by means of dictation. His thesis, Abolishing Slavery, met with all professors' approval. After class, he and his companions often played drum music, which was noisy but suitable for his hearing. After graduation, he made high profits by designing software for a firm. All in all, in his community, he won his dignity and people's congratulations.
He always wished all the best to his disabled fellows and encouraged them, "Never mind! All you have is adequate to get your achievement."
选修七 Unit 2
32．Happy Marriage Needs Fighting For
As a talented navy officer, he was bound to be busy. When his wife rang him up to declare her divorcealarm, he was still scanning a digital counter to check the data so as to give an assessment of the theoreticalframework for a biochemical weapon. His juniorstaff's sympathy made him feel embarrassed.
His wife was a part-timeclerk. With his high bonus, she lived in a grand house with elegantcushions and bedding. Her favour was reading stars' biographies or absurdfictions with endless chapters in her armchair. People envied her leisure life very much. But in fact, she was tired of being left alone. She sent emails to his mailbox every week to state her thinking and ask for his accompaniment, but never received reply of satisfaction. Tired of his explanation that he must obey the orders, she filed for divorce.
Because he desired to get their holyaffection back, he set other affairs aside. He trimmed his fingernails short and changed his overweight figure as well as his awfulhaircut. He wore an apron to prepare delicious cuisine for her. He also bought her a necklace and piles of flowers hoping that their receiver could turn around.
After being tested out for 3 months in all, he eventually succeeded.
选修七 Unit 3
33.Mark and a Seal
Mark rented an accommodation with his pension near the shore. He paid annual visits there to enjoy the vivid beauty in the depths of the pure sea.
Once, with his underwater telescope and flashlight, Mark dived along the boundary between the steep reef and the area of seaweedconservation. Suddenly, an awesomeAntarcticseal with sharp teeth appeared opposite him. Every cell in his body was scared to death. But soon, he was aware that he wasn't the target of an attack. With a neat wound in its lip caused by a shark, this grey seal was washed upside down by the tides time after time. But it tried to jog Mark as if to urge him to help it. So Mark abandoned fleeing away. With its teamwork, Mark used a net to drag the seal to the shallow water. Without pausing he helped it out after a simple operation and settled it in a narrow cave by the seaside. Every time he brought it tasty fish, it would yell and suck his hands happily. Witnesses said their anecdotes reflected a magic dimension of the relationship between humans and animals.
选修七 Unit 4
34.Helping the Remote Village
A year ago, the famous astronaut received an invitation by airmail from a remote village. Intending to sniff some fresh air, he and his interpreter paid a fortnight visit there. It was a privilege for them to be there, but they were shocked by what they saw. The tracks were muddy. The river was drying up. Most villagers only possessed one broom, a few tins and several jars and their rectangular grass huts with round angles were surrounded by weeds. Besides, their school had no roof and platform, and the students had no concept of clicking a computer at all. They were badly in need.
Soon, the astronaut made a generous voluntarydonation to the village. There were textbooks for students, sewing machines for tailors and tractors for farmers. His distributioncatalogue also included operating a clinic and a trunk library, as well as giving weekly lessons to teach relevant farming knowledge like how to dry outseeds or raise oxen. He himself not only helped do some paperwork but also purchased grills for boys to toast potatoes and combs for girls who were dying to get one. The other day, he heard from the villagers again inviting him to participate in the donation anniversary. For political and security reasons, he couldn't adjust his outgoing arrangement-otherwise he would go. But his deeds were remembered forever.
选修七 Unit 5
35.Study in America
Nannan's father runs an enterprise near the Ming Tombs selling batteries and drills to the Daqing Oilfield. Hoping to get the qualification to help govern it, Nannan made much preparation and then left her motherland with her visa to study in America. Having reached her destination, she settled in an innrecommended by the travel agent.
As far as Nannan was concerned, she always kept it up in China. But she had to acknowledge it was not easy to adjust herself to the new academicrequirements, which were not parallel with China's. Though she was occupied withlectures and seminars day in and day out, the essays she drafted were still contradicted by her tutors. As for her routine life, she felt that it was hard to fit in, too. For example, she found English idioms difficult to understand. And it was out of the question to eat delicious Chinese foods though many optionalcafeterias served abundantsubstitutes. In addition, she had to wait in a queue early for the minibus that took her to school and it was usually so cold that she felt numb. What bothered her most was that she received no apology when her sleeping was disturbed by a barking dog in a shopkeeper's cage.
Luckily, with her parents comforting her by videophone, she became autonomous soon and eventually got her bachelor's degree successfully.
选修八 Unit 1
36.Immigrate to America
Attracted by the boom in America, my nephewteamed upwith a Korean to illegally cross the Bearing Strait in the Arctic to America. To avoid the Customs' punishment, they hid in a small ferry called the North PoleSeagull, sitting back to back without sleeping, showering and shaving for 3 days, and had no chance to mourn their lost luggage when landing. The hardship of this crossing was apparent.
At first, he made a living by means of raising cattle and then was hired in aircraft industries. He lived in a Catholic district. Taking in a small percentage of Pakistani immigrants, the majority of the residents were from Italy and Denmark, who all kept up their customs and cultures. Different blocks here were distinctly marked out and indicated from the racialangle. It was unfair and needed reforming. But with nowhere else to go, my nephew lived on and managed to make a life for himself.
My nephew's fortune came when he bravely helped a conductorbrake a ream to stop it from slipping out of the rails. The man was elected vice chairman of the Socialist Party later. It occurred to my nephew that he could grasp this opportunity to ask for his help. The man who was thankful helped him apply to the civilauthority for the right to live in America by inserting his brave deed into his documents. Unlike a great many other applicants, his application was approved by the Federal Justice Ministry. Before long, he started his own bakery and lived a better life.
选修八 Unit 2
37.Be Careful about Cloning
After a series of initial experiments and corrections, the scientist's hard work paid off when the twin clone turkeys were hatched with normal feather and claws. This breakthrough possibly enabled people to bring their adored pets back to life. However, it bothered him from time to time that their health was in poor condition because they were unable toresist illnesses. This drawbackcast him down. Merely 2 weeks later, the clones and their carrier died, which struckfrustration into his heart. He retired before he attained his ambition and became a member of an operachorus to relieve his depression.
Shortly afterwards, the media published a conservative argument objecting to cloning owingtomoral problems, and suggested the constitution include compulsoryregulations to forbidobtaining commercial profits from cloning.
When interviewed, the scientist stared at the decorations on the ceiling, thinking for a while, and then said, "I'm not in favour of any arbitraryassumption, but undertaking cloning does differ from the straightforwardprocedure of making loafs out of flour. Until we accumulate enough exact knowledge, any practice is in vain and is bound to fail. Altogether, being more careful is reasonable or we may walk into a side road."
选修八 Unit 3
38.Strange Patent Applications
I set about working in the currentPatent Office after resigning from the courtpersonnel. Competent and dynamic, I never feel passive while diving into the identifications of whether applications are valid and practical according to the new version of the criteria.
With the expectation of distinguishing their own importance, some people leave the beaten track and file strange products with us now and then, for example, lantern that can be attached on your forehead, cubicwalnuts, refrigerator made of straw and glue, perfume that nobody can bear to smell, and so on.
Once, a man made a trianglehelicopter out of stainlesswires and string. He called us up and merrily claimed it was stable and convenient to use, and never out of order. I asked him to hang on, but this innocent man just rang off and set out to fly from his courtyard. I dialed his number in the directory trying to ring him back, but never got through.
Merciful God blessing, an abruptfreezingrainfall made his powder wet. Luckily, the trouble was without any extension except that he crashed into a greengrocer's making all the ripe fruits become messy jam. When people seized this crazy man with caution and sobered him by tapping his face, he complained about the bad weather instead of associating his failure with his unscientific design.
选修八 Unit 4
39. Pronunciation and Status
An ambassador and a referee were consulting a professor on the caption of a Buddhisticalphabet when a sobbing woman stopped them to sell an antiquemusicalbathtub. Her dirty garment and the handkerchief around her waist were badly in need of sending to a laundry. The ambassador uncomfortably gave her a handful of pence from his wallet and said, "Take this fortune away, troublesome woman."
When her figure faded away, the brilliant professor said, "You are mistaken and your improperremark on her should be condemned. In terms of this extraordinary woman, you can't classify her status by her horrible clothes or disgustingnails. Her clean woolenvest and stockings, especially her classic pronunciation, all suggested her upper status." The ambassador gave a whistlein amazement, and advised making her acquaintance. The professor hesitated for a while, then compromised.
The outcome was that she was an authenticsuperior police officer. When they were shown in her office and saw her once more, she brought them a teapot of tea and some cookies, laughing and saying, "I rubbed some cream and wax on my garment and passed myself off as a shabby woman among thieves and robbers to investigate a plot. Generally speaking, your overlooking me and my adaptation are the best help. But my pronunciation seemed to have betrayed me."
选修八 Unit 5
40. A Sly Murder
When giving a lecture about the significance of punctuation, the academic professor was interrupted and arrested by the police for murdering his wife, a receptionist of a kindergarten. The police found some photos he deleted from their e-album showing that they used to have a gay life. But, fed up with her wrinkled face, he murdered her instead of divorcing her to avoid fortune division. He cut up a kind of seashell with a sharpened knife, and hammered it into powder on a skateboard, and made at most one gram, which was enough to accelerate one's pulse until he or she dies. This kind of poison can date back to 10,000 BC when people rubbed it on spears to kill beasts. The professor mixed the poison with onion, watermelon and yogurt for his wife. Howling and scratching her chest, she felt dizzy and died soon.
After tentative examination, the police assumed she died of heart disease. But systematicbotanicalanalyses showed that the watermelon spit on the messymat and the quilt was poisonous. Regardless of exhaustion and starvation, the acute and skilful policemen used radioactive equipment to make sure the category of the poison. Primitive and not ample as their alternative equipment was, they got perfect accuracysomehow.
People applauded the police and the woman's family can look ahead with relief now.